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根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 When we come home from a long day at school, our clogs are

英语试题 01-16
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
When we come home from a long day at school, our clogs are so happy to see us. Their faces look happy, with mouths wide open. ___16___
It's probably not an illusion(错觉)at all. In fact, two centuries of modern science has good evidence that humans and animals share emotions—including the kind of emotion that results in laughter.
US animal behaviorist Patricia Simonet carried out research on a special sound that dogs make when they play. ___17___. It is quite different from other dog sounds like whining(哀鸣)and growling(咆哮).Simonet believed it is laughter.
Even other dogs seem to recognize and associate the “laugh" with pleasure. ___18___ when Simonet played the laughter to other dogs, reported ABC News.
It might not surprise us that dogs—our traditional “best friends”—like to laugh. But other research suggests that creatures? like rats, also laugh.
Estonian researcher Jaak Panksepp did experiments on rats.___19___. When Panksepp tickled his rats on the neck, they made a chirping(唧唧声)sound, which the scientist believed was laughter. The rats liked the tickling so much, he reported, that they sought more of it. According to Scientific American , Panksepp's rats would follow his finger around to make him tickle them again.
While studies have shown that dogs and rats “laugh“ when they play? it doesn't mean that all animals really laugh even if they make a laughter-like sound.
Take hyenas(土狼)for example. The hyena is well known for making a noise that sounds like a person laughing loudly. But studies show the hyenas don't make the noise because they think something is funny. ___20___
But make no mistake? when your dog welcomes you home, it's definitely laughing.
A. You can make your dog laugh at times
B. Laughter can relieve their nervousness
C. He found that they had a sense of humor and fun
D. The sound is a “forced, breathy exhalation(呼气)”
E. We've all wondered whether our dogs are smiling at us
F. Some would seek out toys and others would run toward the source
G. The “laughing“ is actually a noise they make when they are excited or frightened
【答案】16. E    17. D    18. F    19. C    20. G
【解析】
这是一篇科普类说明文。文章讲述了科学家对动物笑声的研究结果。
【16题详解】
根据前文“Their faces look happy, with mouths wide open.(他们的脸看起来很高兴,嘴巴张得大大的。)”和下一句“It's probably not an illusion(错觉)at all.(这可能根本就不是错觉。)”可知,空处谈论的是人们对狗这种高兴的表情的看法;结合选项可知,选项E. We've all wondered whether our dogs are smiling at us(我们都想知道我们的狗是否在对我们微笑)承上启下,符合题意。故选E。
【17题详解】
根据前一句“US animal behaviorist Patricia Simonet carried out research on a special sound that dogs make when they play.(美国动物行为学家Patricia Simonet对狗在玩耍时发出的一种特殊声音进行了研究。)”可知,空处谈论的是对狗的特殊声音研究结果;结合选项可知,选项D. The sound is a “forced, breathy exhalation(呼气)(这个声音是“用力的,呼气的声音”)是对狗的特殊声音研究的结果,符合题意。on a special sound呼应The sound 。故选D。
【18题详解】
根据前一句“Even other dogs seem to recognize and associate the “laugh" with pleasure. (甚至其他的狗似乎也能识别并把“笑”与快乐联系起来。)”和空后“ when Simonet played the laughter to other dogs(当Simonet向其他狗表演笑声时)可知,空处谈论是的狗对笑声的反应;结合选项可知,选项F. Some would seek out toys and others would run toward the source(有些狗会寻找玩具,有些狗会跑向源头。)承上启下,符合题意。故选F。
【19题详解】
根据空前“Estonian researcher Jaak Panksepp did experiments on rats(爱沙尼亚研究员Jaak Panksepp在老鼠身上做了实验)”可知,空处谈论的是实验结果;结合选项可知,选项C. He found that they had a sense of humor and fun(他发现它们有幽默感且很有趣),符合题意,此处he指代前文的Jaak Panksepp,they指代前文的rats。故选C。
【20题详解】
根据空前“ But studies show the hyenas don't make the noise because they think something is funny.(但研究表明,土狼发出声音并不是因为它们认为某件事很有趣。)可知,空处谈论的土狼发出声音的原因;根据选项可知,选项G. The “laughing“ is actually a noise they make when they are excited or frightened(“笑”实际上是他们兴奋或害怕时发出的声音)承接前一句,符合题意。故选G。
 
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